Research conducted by the National Health Laboratory Service covers a wide spectrum of activities in the pathology and surveillance disciplines. The research agenda covers the priority diseases within South Africa, such as HIV and AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, pneumococcal infections, occupational health, screening for cervical cancer and malnutrition.
Research is conducted through the pathology departments of the nine university medical schools associated with the National Health Laboratory Service. Several research projects are undertaken in collaboration with international researchers and institutions.
The National Health Laboratory Service (NHLS) Research Trust funds pathology research undertaken by students and staff of the departments or schools of pathology in South African university medical schools. The NHLS Research Trust is governed by a Board of Trustees.